Land Damage Mitigation Efforts
When no errors are found, then a mandatory thing we should do is immediately taken. To be what? Of course, so the damage was not worse. If left to the soil degradation that occurs will widen even get worse so it can be detrimental to humans. Efforts countermeasures do humans are as follows: what causes earthquakes
The first way to do an effort penanggulanagan damage to the soil is to do recycling. Recycling is intended for garbage, non-organic waste in order to reduce pollutants in the soil. Recycling of plastic waste, for example, can be changed mendai various helpful items badi everyday life. Plastic bottles can be reused to create various crafts, and reused as a pot or tembat goods.
Used plastic drink or used detergent can be used to make various handicrafts such as bags, wallets and so forth. Garbage, plastic waste is sometimes also recycled into new plastic thus saving raw materials in making plastic products. In the school environment, today’s children have been very creative in making recycled products. Even the subjects of skills almost always teach students to create a variety of crafts from scrap materials into goods that have a selling value.
- Accommodating wastewater
In addition to recycling, efforts to combat soil degradation others are accommodating liquid waste residues production activities as well as everyday activities. of course this applies to the waste that has liquid form. Liquid waste may be generated from industrial production and household activities. Liquid waste should not be directly in the exhaust to the ground because it is very dangerous and will cause damage to the soil in a given time period. therefore the liquid waste must be collected and be processed further to make it more environmentally friendly and not harmful to the land and for the living beings on Earth.
If the wastewater generated from domestic activities, the waste must be disposed of to the place or the right channel. If the liquid waste is not hazardous to the environment and living beings, it can be discharged into the waterway, such as schools and also the river which will ultimately lead to the sea. However, if the liquid waste generated by the activities of the plant in large quantities and contain chemicals that are harmful, it is necessary first processing that waste is to be neutral and harmless. after being processed and have a neutral, then be discharged through the channels provided.
- Replacing chemicals with organic or natural materials
We all know that the waste from the average chemicals have hazardous properties. therefore, it would be more safe when we use natural materials to be more friendly for the environment and living beings. There are so many alternatives to chemicals that humans use in daily life. Let’s start with fuel, for example, the fuel we use to move our vehicles have a very big role for air pollution in the world. Even so many on this Earth pollution, the ozone layer which protects the earth much sprung a leak.
As a result, the incoming sunlight filtering and did not experience many losses that can be generated and made many types of skin diseases. Therefore there is no harm if we make use of alternative energy that is more friendly, such as using biogas or bioethanol as a substitute for fuel oil. Now many people who develop alternative energy Adri natural raw materials, making it more environmentally friendly.
- Rehabilitation of soil physical damage
Efforts to control damage to land one of which is the rehabilitation of the physical properties of the soil damage. Damage to the physical properties of soil are generally caused by the deterioration of the soil structure. Damage to soil structure is preceded by decreasing the stability of soil aggregates. It is caused by piling up rainwater and runoff. The decline in the quality of soil aggregate stability was accompanied by a decrease in content of organic materials, the activity of rooting vegetation and the number of soil microorganisms. To repair the damage to the physical properties of the soil, can dilaukan actions as follows:
- Tillage periodically to avoid ground movement
- Increasing soil organic matter content through the dry leaves and vegetation land cover
- Increased plant diversity in order to improve the distribution system peakaran
- Rehabilitation chemical and biological soil damage
In addition to damage physical properties, soil also can undergo chemical and biological damage. Chemical and biological damage to the soil is characterized by a decrease in organic matter content and soil acid levels rise. Corrective actions on the ground is done by giving straw and lime. Giving straw could increase the activity of microbes that can addle soil materials and also produce organic material. While the administration of calcium may help neutralize the acid levels in the soil.
- Remediation of soil contamination
Pollution prevention efforts more soil is soil contamination remediation. This is an attempt remediation activities or actions taken to clean up contaminated soil surface. Remediation activity is divided into three, namely as follows:
- Situ remediation , the contaminated land cleanup efforts without having to move or stay at the location of the pollution alone.
- Ex-situ remediation , is cleaning contaminated land by digging the contaminated soil and transferred to another location. Then, after being transferred at a more secure then it can only be done in the process of cleaning contaminated soil.
- Bioremediation , a process of cleaning the pollution of soil with the help of microorganisms such as fungi and bacteria. The objective of this activity is bioremediation to break or reduce the influence of contaminants.
Land Damage Prevention
Soil is a natural resource which we must preserve and we must guard. Therefore, if the land has been damaged, it is compulsory for men to restore it be good, or not to become worse ore. Humans can undertake to prevent damage to the soil in various ways. Ways that can be done by humans to cope with the damage on the ground are as follows:
- Maintain soil fertility
Damage to land one of which is characterized by reduced levels of fertility in the soil. Efforts to maintain soil fertility can be done by mechanical methods, vegetative and also chemistry. Some ways to maintain soil fertility levels are as follows:
- Penterasan sloping land or terraces
Penterasan on sloping lands are intended to reduce the length of the slope and the slope on the far slope. Creating terracing aims to reduce the rate of erosion as terracing can slow the flow of surface water.
- Making bunds or ridges
Land dike or ridge also is an effort to maintain soil fertility. Dike or ridge is made by means such as making small embankments and drains that parallel contour lines. Bunds or mounds are made has a function to restrain the rate of water so as to increase the likelihood of water seep into the ground.
- Management parallel contour or Contour tillage
Efforts to maintain the fertility of the soil in this way makes cavities committed with equal ground contours and membantuk igir- igir. This can slow runoff and can also increase the likelihood of water seep into the ground. In general, the vegetation planted in intercropping systems.
- Making cekdam
Cekdam a small dam. Making cekdam or small dam has the goal of stemming the flow of surface water. Thus materialism eroded material will last in the trenches so that the dam will thicken the layers of soil and soil fertility will not be lost because washed away by water.
- vegetative methods
Vegetatis method is an effort that can be done to keep the damage to soil by utilizing the existing vegetation. This method is very good in order to seek the preservation of soil fertility. Vegetative methods typically use the following ways:
Environmental greening activities carried out by forest planting tree seedlings back with Bibit and also lahan0 land loss of vegetation cover. Bibit selected tree seedlings for planting a large tree seedlings that can grow easily without having meggunakan certain ways.
- Rotating crops or crop rotation
One of the activities of human dilaukan to maintain soil fertility is crop rotation inimetode crop rotation or crop rotation can be done by varying the types of plants at the turn of the growing season. This is done because it is considered effective to prevent a type of nutrient reduction.
Reforestation is also known as reforestation. Reforestation is done by cultivating barren land with plants hard. By cultivating plants with hard, we not only effectively prevent erosion but the timber from these plants can also be utilized for various activities.
- Planting cover crops or buffering
What is meant by planting a cover crop is planted on the crops were hard as pine and teak. This is done with the aim to inhibit the destruction of the soil on the top layer by rain water (read: the occurrence of rain ), enriching soil organic matter content and also inhibit the rate of pollution.
- Planting parallel to contour lines
Planting contour line is in line with the activity and planted on the contour line. This is done aims to increase the likelihood of water can seep into the ground and also inhibits the rate of erosion.
- Planting a plant-based or strip cropping
Planting tanaham an activity-based plant is perpendicular to the direction of flow or wind direction. In a sloping area, planting distance widened, while on sloping land plants would be sealed.
Those are some ways that can be done and included by vegetative methods aimed at tackling the damage on the ground.
- Chemical methods
In addition to maintaining soil fertility and also perform vegetatis methods, prevention of damage to the soil is by chemical methods. Chemical methods are also widely referred to as the preservation of the land. Preserving the land by chemical methods is done with the use of chemicals to improve the soil structure. Chemicals that are often used include bitumwn, krilium, as well as soil conditioner. Chemicals that have been mentioned it is very effective to improve the structure dab also strengthen soil aggregates. Chemicals have effects in the long term because the compound can withstand soil organisms. In addition, soil conditioner can also be used to increase the permeability and also can reduce soil erosion.
That’s some way that we can do as an effort to prevent damage to the soil. I hope the information that has been presented to be useful.